Building inclusive education supported through civic engagement and government accountability.
2020 - 2024
There is increased evidence of the role of early education in the acquisition of learning skills and in the child's cognitive and socio-emotional development. Children who do not achieve basic foundation skills for learning will expose to high risk of dropping out of school, repeating in early grades, or incomprehensive development. However, access to quality education continues to be a challenge in remote and isolated areas where poor, vulnerable and ethnic minority families are predominantly located due to the following main reasons:
- Inadequate teachers’ capability
- Poor condition of school infrastructure and facilities
- Language barriers for ethnic minority children
- Children lack social knowledge and learning skills
- Lack of parents’ engagement in education
- Limited voice and participation of parents and children at schools
2020 - 2025
Cao Son commune is located in Da Bac district, Hoa Binh province. It is a mountainous area and home to more than 30 ethnic groups with a population of 861,216 people (Hoa Binh Province Census, 2020), an increase of 5,412 people (0,63%) in comparison with 2019. In Hoa Binh, there are 227 preschools, 29 primary schools, 27 lower secondary schools, 26 upper secondary schools and 194 Primary and lower secondary school which accommodate approximately 354,450 students. According to the 2020 Hoa Binh province Census, rate of drop out is 0,19 % and 1,57% at lower secondary school and upper secondar school respectively. The rate of repeaters at primary school is 0,93% and at lower secondary school is 0,53%. In Da Bac district, the underweight malnutrition rate at the pre and primary age is 13,7% and the stunt rate is 16,7% (As the report of District health Centre).
Some specific issues and causes are identified including:
-Children are still with limited capacities and opportunities to raise their voice for better-quality education
-School learning environment is not yet child friendly and support for child active participation in quality education
- Parents’ limited application of positive practices for their children's nutrition and quality education
2022 - 2026
Vay Nua is among 13 “particularly difficult communes” of Da Bac district with the poverty rate of 35.35% and near-poor rate of 19.76% (New rural report for the first 6 months of 2021 (Vay Nua commune’s People Committee). Basing on the reports from Vay Nua preschool and Primary- Secondary school and our experiences, Aide et Action Vietnam (AEA) recognizes that there are a variety of factors that lead to children remaining marginalised:
- Physical schools’ environment is below standards at satellite centres of both preschool and primary school
- Children lack social knowledge and life skills
- Lack of opportunity for children to develop their voice and participation
- Lack of knowledge on participatory school governance among caregivers, teachers, local authorities.
- Insufficient or deficient effective mechanisms and tools to facilitate participation in school activities